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                                     US import and export cargo customs clearance

One, import
        Imported goods for customs procedures before entering the United States. After arriving directly into the foreign trade area (ie bonded area) goods do not go through the customs.
(1) the importer
        The United States allows individuals to import their own goods or commercial goods and apply for customs clearance procedures. The importer shall be responsible for ensuring that the goods comply with all import requirements (such as a reasonable mark, compliance with safety standards, and obtaining the necessary import license before the goods arrive in the United States). In the customs declaration form must fill in the importation number, you can fill in the Internal Revenue Service business registration number, such as the importer did not in the domestic tax bureau for business registration or personal import, the provision of social insurance number.
(2) the applicant
        Imported goods shall be handled by their shippers, purchasers or customs agents. If the goods are transported to the "designated person", the person who holds the bill of lading (or air waybill) endorsed by the consignor is entitled to the customs formalities. The most common situation is that the person or company (ie, the "shipper" in the sense of customs) issued by the carrier certificate ("certificate issued by the carrier") issued by the carrier holding the goods to the port of entry formalities. In some cases, a copy of the bill of lading or shipping receipt can be used. If the goods are not imported by the public carrier, by the owner of the possession of goods to prove that the importer or its agent for customs formalities.
(C) the goods arrived at the port
        When the goods arrive at the port, the customs does not notify the importer, and the importer shall normally be notified by the carrier. The legal importer (referring to the owner, the purchaser, the owner or the purchaser designated customs broker, the consignee) shall enter the customs office for customs formalities and coordinate the arrangements. If you want to quickly customs clearance, can be pre-declared before the arrival of the goods, but the pre-declared goods arrived at the port before the customs will not give permission to release.
(4) declaration form
1. Electronic declaration
        Through the US Customs and Border Protection of the "Automated Commercial System" (Automated Commercial System, referred to as ACS) to submit electronic declarations.
2. Paper declaration
        In the Customs and Border Protection Bureau designated to submit a paper declaration.
(5) the declaration steps
1. One stage declaration
        Within 15 days from the date of delivery of the goods to the US port, the Customs and Excise Department shall specify the following customs declaration documents to the US Customs and Border Protection Bureau, and the customs shall meet the conditions for release,
        - Entry Form (Customs and Border Protection Form 7533), immediate delivery application form and license (Customs and Border Protection Agency 3461 form) or other forms required for cargo clearance
        Proof of import declaration
        - Commercial invoice (no form of invoice when there is no commercial invoice)
        - packing list (available on request)
        - other documents used to determine whether the goods can enter the country
        - proof of tax guarantee (the owner can either provide security by the US local guarantee company, or deposit in US currency, or provide the US government guarantee. If the agent passes the agent, the agent may also use the agent Person's guarantee)
        If the goods are not declared within the prescribed period, the Customs will be transferred to the General Order Warehouse as unclaimed goods, and the importer shall bear the storage costs of the goods stored in the waiting warehouse. If the goods in the waiting warehouse storage for 6 months after no one claimed (declared), will auction or destroy. Perishable, perishable goods and explosives are sold for a shorter period of time.
2. Two - stage declaration
        Within 10 working days after the expropriation of the goods, the owner or his customs agent shall submit the following documents to the designated customs office for the following documents to declare the tax and trade statistics needs:
        - the goods returned to the importer, the customs broker or its agent of a one-stage declaration documents back to the joint
        - Two-stage declaration form (Customs and Border Protection Bureau 7501 form)
        - the collection of tariffs, trade statistics, to prove that the goods have been required to meet all the import requirements of other documents (such as through the customs agent through electronic means to declare, that is, through the Customs and Border Protection Bureau of automated business system "automated customs broker interface" declaration , The above-mentioned paper documents may only need to be partially provided or not required at all)
        At this stage, the importer must declare the dutiable value of the goods, but the declared dutiable value must be determined by the customs audit. The determination of the dutiable value generally has the following methods:
        The transaction price method is the most important valuation method. The transaction price means that the buyer has paid or payable the price for the imported goods. Other factors may also be included in the transaction price, such as packaging costs, sales commission, copyright or royalties.
        Can not determine the transaction price, the use of the same goods transaction price method.
        If you can not find the same goods as the goods being valued, or if you can not determine the acceptable transaction price for the same goods as the valued goods, use the similar goods transaction price method. Similar goods refer to goods that are produced by the same producer in the same country as the valued goods and which can be exchanged with the valued goods.
        The same or similar goods must be exported to the United States at the same time or at about the same time as the goods being exported to the United States.
        The importer must fill in the commodity code of the goods at the time of filing. The United States International Trade Commission issued the "US Coordination Tax" in accordance with the type of product requirements of different products classified (such as animal products, plant products, textile fibers, textile products, etc.).
        At the time of declaration, the importer shall pay the estimated tariff and other taxes. The applicable tariff rate is ultimately determined by the customs. Each commodity tariff rate depends on its categorization code. The goods under the same code may apply different rates (general tax rate, preferential tax rate, zero tax rate, etc.). Tariffs are generally ad valorem tax, that is, the percentage of the dutiable value of imported goods. Certain goods shall be levied from the amount of tax (in pieces, l, kilograms, etc. for the unit). Certain goods are levied on compound taxes (ad valorem and levies).
(6) on the inspection of goods and document review
         Customs through the inspection of goods, the documents to be reviewed to determine the following:
         - Dutiable value of goods
         - whether the goods need to mark the country of origin, whether the need to impose special identification, labeling, logo is correct
         - whether there are prohibited items in the goods
         - whether the invoice is issued in the correct way
         - whether the goods exist too short, and the invoice does not match
         - whether there are illegal drugs in the goods
         The legal importer (referring to the owner, the purchaser, the owner or the purchaser designated the customs agent, the consignee) shall coordinate the inspection of the goods so that the customs can determine whether the goods are consistent.
Second, export
(1) the applicant
        According to the provisions of the "US Export Administration Regulations", the owner (consignor) for the legal exporters, such as the owner of the freight forwarding for export declaration procedures, the problem, the owner of the responsibility.
(2) declaration of export goods
        When the goods are exported, they must go through the formalities of customs declaration, complete and accurately fill out the export documents and submit the relevant documents according to the customs requirements. Otherwise, the goods may be detained and confiscated. The shipper may be fined, subject to government audit or negative notification The Export should generally check the following documents:
        1. "From March 2009 onwards," the owner of the export declaration "has been" electronic export information "to replace the original business to be completed to the" owner of the export declaration "on the information, now through the" automated export Customs clearance system "submitted to the US Customs and Border Protection Bureau, or directly into the system)
        2. (Such as contracts, commercial invoices, bills of lading, bills of lading, packing lists, insurance policies, manifests, etc.)
        3. Declaration of destination control
        4. Transport (transhipment) documents
        5. Approvals, licenses, certificates and / or restricted export of goods
        6. Calculation of customs duties and export tax rebate information
        7. Other documents
(3) export documents and record the retention period
         The exporter shall keep all export documents and records for 5 years from the date of export. The US Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security, the US Customs and Border Protection Agency, will check export documents and records when needed, if the exporter can not provide it, and may be summoned.
         For each ticket, the US export laws require exporters and export processes involved parties to keep the following documents and records:
         1. Application for approval, application for license
         2. International import certificate application
         3. International import certificate
         4. Delivery confirmation certificate or similar proof of delivery
         5. Air waybill, sea bill of lading, dock receipt, the carrier issued by the simple bill of lading and other export customs clearance documents
         6. Memo, record, letter, contract, tender, form invoice
         7. Customer purchase order
         8. Packing List
         9. commercial invoice
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